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optician vs optometrist vs ophthalmologist

What is Optometry?

Optometry is a primary health care profession which dedicated to the improvement and preservation of the eyesight. Optometric practices include eye examination, dispensing of spectacles for the correction of the refractive error, prescribe contact lenses, as well as provide diagnosis and management of ocular disease.

Optometrist that served in this field of profession examines the eyes not only for vision problems, but also for the early detection of eye diseases and other abnormal systemic conditions. As such, the optometrist can provide his/her treatment plan well to the client so to manage the problems faced, whether to prescribe glasses, provide vision therapy or appropriate referral when necessary.

What is Optometry
Definition of Optometry

Differences between Optician, Optometrist and Ophthalmologist

An optometrist is an eye doctor that can examine, diagnose, and treat your eyes. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who can perform medical and surgical interventions for eye conditions. An optician is a professional who can help fit eyeglasses and dispense lenses.

Difference between optician, optometrist and ophthalmologist
Difference between optician, optometrist and ophthalmologist

Optometrist is a primary health care provider for routine eye care. They provide annual or routine eye examinations, including giving eye health education to their clients. They diagnose eye conditions, ocular disease and provide the right ocular management include prescription of glasses, contact lenses, vision therapy, other visual aids or referral to ophthalmologist if there is a necessary. Optometrist also plays an important role in post-surgical eye care.

Ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specialise in surgical eye procedures. They perform eye surgeries for various eye disease and conditions such as cataract removal and strabismus surgery, perform laser eye surgery to treat myopia or hyperopia. They also prescribe medication drops to treat glaucoma. Unlike optometrist, they do not prescribe glasses or provide contact lens fitting services.

Optician is a profession that their job scope is dispensing lenses to fit into frame or making glasses. They will assists you in choosing the correct lens and frames that best suit you based on the size, shape, colour and style. Optician does not diagnose eye conditions or provide eye management such as vision therapy or eye health education.

Get your eye tested with the best optometrist in Damansara Uptown or Optometrist near me in Subang Jaya to know more about your eye health. Book an appointment with us to screen your eyes TODAY!

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Essential Service

According to World Health Organization (WHO), optometrists are defined as a healthcare profession that is autonomous, educated and regulated (licensed/registered). Optometrists are primary healthcare practitioners of the eye and visual system who provide comprehensive eye and vision care, which includes refraction and dispensing, detection/diagnosis and management of disease in the eye, and the rehabilitation of conditions of the visual system. In short, optometrists are working under essential services.

In the recent news, the government had revoked our permission to operate in our usual operating hours in phase three of Movement Control Order (MCO). In a letter from Association of Malaysian Optometrists (AMO) to Minister of International Trade and Industry (MITI), the Optometrists request to be classified under “Healthcare Providers” and allow Optometrists to practice under the strict guideline of National Security Council (NSC).

Optometrists and practice owners have received an overwhelming amount of pleads from their patients/customers with emergency issues such as, broken glasses, frame misalignment that leads to poor eye focus, change in refractive error (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia), blurred vision for non spectacle wearers, etc. These conditions can cause major inconvenience such as headaches and migraine that can interrupt running our daily activities.

AMO also said that during MCO, everyone needs a good eyesight. For example, doctors need sharp vision to operate and treat patients. Delivery drivers need a clear vision to ensure their safety while driving. Students and office workers who study and work from home definitely need good vision to maintain productivity.

Today we received a message from a struggling mother, whose son had accidentally broken his glasses. Her child who is in distress and is crying in despair because he said he could not see properly with his broken glasses. Optometrists can help in all above situations. However, as the government does not realise the importance of Optometrists as a essential service provider, we are restricted to serve and fix the problems for customer. We can repair either broken or misaligned glasses and dispense a proper prescription. This is why we, as an optometrists should be considered working under essential services. We do not only sell glasses, we also care for your eyes.

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zeiss myokids

Zeiss Myokids Lenses

Zeiss Myokids is a specially designed progressive addition spectacle lens for children to control the accommodative lag during near vision tasks. The top half of the lenses correct the myopia, provide a clear and shape vision for distance while the bottom active zone simultaneously support near vision tasks.

Carl Zeiss Myopia Control Lenses
Carl Zeiss Myopia Control Lenses

Myopia is also known as short-sightedness, a common vision problem where you experience blur vision at distance but can see near objects clearly. It occurs due to long eyeball shape or the lens-cornea system of the eye is too strong. This causes the light rays focusing images in front of retina instead on your retina.

Myopic eye versus normal eye
Anatomical view of normal and myopic eye

According to World Health Organisation, in year 2020 it is expected more than 2 billion people is myopic over the world. This is predicted to rise to approximately 5 billion by year 2050. Xiang (2012) stated that the rate of myopic progression among 7 to 15 ages is -0.7 dioptre per year. Besides that, there is a risk for myopes to develop sight-threatening eye diseases such as glaucoma, myopic retinopathy and myopic maculopathy [Vongphanit et al 2002]

When myopic eyes look at near object with a standard lenses, often the eyes try to save energy and do not focus enough (accommodative lag) to bring the light ray back to retina. This will results in a false signal to our eyes to elongate which increase myopia progression. 

However, the Zeiss Myokids lenses bottom active zone (addition power) is very effective for near vision tasks by correcting this defocus. This will reduce in progression of myopia. According to Gwiazda (2004) the reduction of accommodative lag is known to result in a potential reduction of myopia progression. This new design, Myokids can reduce the lag of accommodation up to 30% compared to those conventional progressive lenses (Schilling et al 2017). Besides that, this special near vision design also supports the digital life of children nowadays to reduce eyestrain.

Difference between single vision lenses and Myokids lenses
Difference between single vision lenses and Myokids lenses

To optimise the function of the myopic control spectacle lenses, we as an optometrist do practice visual hygiene as well. Proper reading distance (not close than 30 centimetres), proper posture and lighting while reading or computing. Advise to take a 2 minutes break for every 30 minutes near vision tasks.

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High Myopia Children Frame Glasses
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Refractive Error Vision

What is Refractive Error?

Refractive error is a common eye disorder in which the eyes can’t clearly focus on the images of objects looked at. There are numerous types of refractive error such as short-sighted, long-sighted or presbyopia which is when you need glasses to read as we grow older. These are common refractive errors.

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