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Children with Myopia and Amblyopia

Children with Myopia and Amblyopia

Nowadays, having healthy eye and clear vision are critical in children. We often came across with children with myopia and amblyopia. We as an eye practitioner recommend parents or guardian to get their children eye tested regularly, as many vision problem and eye diseases can be detected and treated in early phases. Mostly children with myopia and amblyopia has to get their eyes tested and get the proper treatment as soon as possible as this eye problem can be worsen after certain point of time.

Children Eyesight
Vision test for children

If your children has been diagnosed with myopia is means that they have nearsightedness. It simply means that near vision looks clearer than far vision. It might get worsen if myopia is not treated at early stage but it also can be corrected with visual managements such as corrective ophthalmic lenses, contact lenses, ortho-k, and LASIK surgery.

Eyes with short-sightedness
Animation of eye condition with myopia

Kids with myopia has longer eyeball length from front to back, which causes the light rays to fall at the back of retina. To make the image clearer children may sometimes need to shrink their eyes to reduce the light rays and glare around them to see the image clearer. This eventually will lead the eyeball to elongate day by day and increase in eye power.

Mostly, children may not understand their vision clarity, and some even may accept their blurry vision state as they think that is the best vision they can gain. They might adjust their blur vision status by moving forward to far images to focus it clearly. Eye examination for children can start at 6 months old, 3 years old and before first grade. Also if there is any abnormality found, your children should get their eye tested as soon as possible. Always do follow your eye specialist recommendations for the best advice to care your children eye health.

Signs of children vision problem

Whereas, amblyopia is an eye condition of where your eyes and brain does not work simultaneously as how it suppose to work. Amblyopia also known as lazy eye, of where kids will start develop good vision in one eye and poor vision in the other eye. Children are often get used to this problems, and might not informed to their parents. As a result their lazy eye vision may not be diagnosed for months or even years. Treatment for amblyopia works to correct our eye and brain to function equally and strengthen the vision to be more better. Using prescription lenses, eye patches, atropine drops and surgery are the available treatment for amblyopia.

Amblyopia
Eyesight with Amblyopia

Did your children with myopia and amblyopia get their eye tested completely? Do drop by to your nearest outlet and get the best optometrist in town to check your children eyesight now.

*FAQ

What is the most common eye problem in children?

Common pediatric eye problem includes lazy eye, nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, childhood tearing, cortical visual impairment, vision development abnormalities, genetic eye diseases, double vision and nystagmus.

Why do kids have bad eye sight?

The most common vision problem starts when children at school age. Due to refractive errors such as myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism your children will end up to have blurry vision.

How do you know if your children have eye problems?

If you found your children like to squint their eyes, try to move forward to read or see something clearly, rub their eyes constantly, having extreme sensitivities to lights, abnormal eye alignment, and severe red eye do bring your children and visit ophthalmologist or optometrist for further treatments.

At what age does vision fully develop?

Children eye sight will develop fully as they growing up. When they are at age of 4-5 years old their vision is not as perfect as adult. Eyesight will start to be one of the crucial element in our body when we have the ability to co-ordinate our full body movements.

How can I improve my eyesight? What is the perfect vision?

If you have bad eyesight, please do not hesitate to meet your eye practitioner to get the best consultation about your eye status. Perfect eye vision is considered as no vision aid’s is required to see better. Vision acuity with 20/20 or 6/6 known as perfect vision.

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zeiss myokids

Zeiss Myokids Lenses

Zeiss Myokids is a specially designed progressive addition spectacle lens for children to control the accommodative lag during near vision tasks. The top half of the lenses correct the myopia, provide a clear and shape vision for distance while the bottom active zone simultaneously support near vision tasks.

Carl Zeiss Myopia Control Lenses
Carl Zeiss Myopia Control Lenses

Myopia is also known as short-sightedness, a common vision problem where you experience blur vision at distance but can see near objects clearly. It occurs due to long eyeball shape or the lens-cornea system of the eye is too strong. This causes the light rays focusing images in front of retina instead on your retina.

Myopic eye versus normal eye
Anatomical view of normal and myopic eye

According to World Health Organisation, in year 2020 it is expected more than 2 billion people is myopic over the world. This is predicted to rise to approximately 5 billion by year 2050. Xiang (2012) stated that the rate of myopic progression among 7 to 15 ages is -0.7 dioptre per year. Besides that, there is a risk for myopes to develop sight-threatening eye diseases such as glaucoma, myopic retinopathy and myopic maculopathy [Vongphanit et al 2002]

When myopic eyes look at near object with a standard lenses, often the eyes try to save energy and do not focus enough (accommodative lag) to bring the light ray back to retina. This will results in a false signal to our eyes to elongate which increase myopia progression. 

However, the Zeiss Myokids lenses bottom active zone (addition power) is very effective for near vision tasks by correcting this defocus. This will reduce in progression of myopia. According to Gwiazda (2004) the reduction of accommodative lag is known to result in a potential reduction of myopia progression. This new design, Myokids can reduce the lag of accommodation up to 30% compared to those conventional progressive lenses (Schilling et al 2017). Besides that, this special near vision design also supports the digital life of children nowadays to reduce eyestrain.

Difference between single vision lenses and Myokids lenses
Difference between single vision lenses and Myokids lenses

To optimise the function of the myopic control spectacle lenses, we as an optometrist do practice visual hygiene as well. Proper reading distance (not close than 30 centimetres), proper posture and lighting while reading or computing. Advise to take a 2 minutes break for every 30 minutes near vision tasks.

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High Myopia Children Frame Glasses
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Kids Glasses Frame Myopia Short-sigted
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Children Optometrist