Nowadays, having healthy eye and clear vision are critical in children. We often came across with children with myopia and amblyopia. We as an eye practitioner recommend parents or guardian to get their children eye tested regularly, as many vision problem and eye diseases can be detected and treated in early phases. Mostly children with myopia and amblyopia has to get their eyes tested and get the proper treatment as soon as possible as this eye problem can be worsen after certain point of time.
Eso deviation often present as a constant esotropia occurring in infancy or early childhood. Fusional divergence is used to correct for an eso deviation, however our innate divergence amplitude are typically weak. Measuring only 6 – 8 prism diopter. It is likely that our weak divergence amplitude contribute to the poor control of eso deviation.
Exo-deviation is an outward deviation which can be divided into exophoria and exotropia. Exodeviation are quite common, and they are not necessarily. A small intermittent exotropia is normal in most newborns, as 70 % of normal newborns have a transient exodeviation that resolves by 2 to 4 months of age. Another type of exo deviation that is considered normal is a small exophoria (<10pd).