Digital Retinal Imaging
Digital Retinal imaging is a high resolution photographic system which details the retina and can be used to establish a wellness baseline and to follow critical retinal developments throughout life.
Normal Retina Fundus on Left and Abnormal Retina Fundus on Right
Any routine eye exam should always include a careful assessment of the retina to screen for abnormalities or disease. The sensitive tissue that makes up the retina is susceptible to a variety of diseases that can ultimately lead to partial loss of vision or even complete blindness. Early detection of any retinal abnormality is thus crucial.
Of particular concern to the Optometrist at Malaya Optical in Damansara Uptown are screening for retinal problems like macular degeneration, retinal holes or detachments; and systemic diseases like diabetes, and hypertension. These conditions, which often develop without warning or symptoms, are progressive and can lead to serious health and eye problems including partial loss of vision or blindness.
Images from previous years can be placed side-by-side on the computer screen for comparison with that day’s retinal image. These images can also be e-mailed to other ophthalmologist for consultation or treatment
Intraocular Pressure – the pressure within the Eye that maintains the eye’s form and structure. Normal intraocular pressure in an adult is 12 to 22 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).A device called a tonometer measures intraocular pressure, either through light contact against the anesthetized eye or via the force of resistance to a puff of air blown against the eye’s surface (a noncontact method that does not require anesthetic drops). Elevated intraocular pressure is called ocular hypertension. Lower than normal intraocular pressure is called ocular hypotension. Intraocular Pressure causes – Occular hypertension (greater than 21 mm Hg) is a hallmark sign of Glaucoma, an eye condition that, if untreated, results in complete loss of vision. Increased intraocular pressure damages the cells on the front of the optic nerve leading to permanent vision impairment. Ophthalmic medications that reduce intraocular pressure work through various mechanisms, depending on the cause of the increased pressure.
At Malaya Optical in Petaling Jaya, we use Non Contact Tonometry procedure to measure for Intraocular Pressure. Our eye care professionals perform to determine the intraocular pressure (IOP), the fluid pressure inside the eye. It is an important test in determining if the patients is a Glaucoma Suspect or could have other systemic problems.
Slit Lamp Assessment
The slit lamp is an instrument consisting of a high-intensity light source that can be focused to shine a thin sheet of light into the eye. It is used in conjunction with a
biomicroscope. The lamp facilitates an examination of the anterior segment, or frontal structures and posterior segment, of the human eye, which includes the eyelid, sclera, conjunctiva, iris, natural crystalline lens, and cornea. The binocular slit-lamp examination provides a stereoscopic magnified view of the eye structures in detail, enabling anatomical diagnoses to be made for a variety of eye conditions.
Today the slit lamp is the Optometrist’s most frequently used and most universally applicable examination instrument.
This instrument enables examination of the anterior segment of the eye including the crystalline lenses and the anterior vitreous body. This instrument is also best for contact lens fitting assessment as well as the corneal health assesment.
The use of the slit lamp is a key procedure in an Optometric practice at Malaya Optical in Damansara Uptown and Subang SS15.
With the use of the Slit Lamp our Professional Optometrist would also be able to detect for Cataract formation in the eye. A cataract is a clouding that develops in the crystalline lens of the eye or in its envelope, varying in degree from slight to complete opacity and obstructing the passage of light. Early in the development of age-related cataract, the power of the lens may be increased, causing myopia, and the gradual yellowing and opacification of the lens may reduce the perception of blue colours. Cataracts typically progress slowly to cause vision loss, and are potentially blinding if untreated. The condition usually affects both eyes, but almost always one eye is affected earlier than the other.
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